Smart Grids are Electricity Grids which take advantage of new information gathering, communications and control technologies to run more efficiently. Micro Smart Grids do this in small scale networks and have a series of other benefits. Micro Smart Grid Infrastructure offers a perfect opportunity for the full integration of Renewable Electricity Generation and Electric Vehicles into electricity grids.
Here is more detail about the techniques which bring these benefits:
Using sensors and climate and consumer behaviour models we can predict and measure supply and demand across the grid.And then make sure electricity travels the shortest distance to consumers and resolve differences in demand and supply at different times of the day.This results in more efficiency, makes it possible to use more renewable energy generation and reduces our need for the back up power generation.
We can employ three more advanced techniques:
- Using Electric Vehicles as temporary energy storage devices – avoiding lost energy, saving on storage costs
- Offering lower prices for electricity when renewable energy production is high – reducing losses associated with storing and then using energy later; including the cost of the storage devices.
- Using information collected about consumer behaviour to design future energy generation to closer match demand– reducing transmission and storage costs
Described on our 3ST page – provides further options for integration of different parts of the grid allowing us to increase use of renewable energy and increase efficiency further
Active Consumers – Many of these new techniques give the ‘Consumer’ a more active role as they are potentially involved in:
- Producing electricity for sale to the grid
- Storing energy for the grid
- Smart consumption – incentivised to buy more energy when supply is at a peak.